Tag Archives: Google News Initiative

Protecting private browsing in Chrome

Chrome’s Incognito Mode is based on the principle that you should have the choice to browse the web privately. At the end of July, Chrome will remedy a loophole that has allowed sites to detect people who are browsing in Incognito Mode. This will affect some publishers who have used the loophole to deter metered paywall circumvention, so we’d like to explain the background and context of the change.

Private browsing principles

People choose to browse the web privately for many reasons. Some wish to protect their privacy on shared or borrowed devices, or to exclude certain activities from their browsing histories. In situations such as political oppression or domestic abuse, people may have important safety reasons for concealing their web activity and their use of private browsing features.

We want you to be able to access the web privately, with the assurance that your choice to do so is private as well. These principles are consistent with emerging web standards for private browsing modes

Closing the FileSystem API loophole

Today, some sites use an unintended loophole to detect when people are browsing in Incognito Mode. Chrome’s FileSystem API is disabled in Incognito Mode to avoid leaving traces of activity on someone’s device. Sites can check for the availability of the FileSystem API and, if they receive an error message, determine that a private session is occurring and give the user a different experience.  

With the release of Chrome 76 scheduled for July 30, the behavior of the FileSystem API will be modified to remedy this method of Incognito Mode detection. Chrome will likewise work to remedy any other current or future means of Incognito Mode detection.

Publisher impact and strategies

The change will affect sites that use the FileSystem API to intercept Incognito Mode sessions and require people to log in or switch to normal browsing mode, on the assumption that these individuals are attempting to circumvent metered paywalls. 

Unlike hard paywalls or registration walls, which require people to log in to view any content, meters offer a number of free articles before you must log in. This model is inherently porous, as it relies on a site’s ability to track the number of free articles someone has viewed, typically using cookies. Private browsing modes are one of several tactics people use to manage their cookies and thereby "reset" the meter count.

Sites that wish to deter meter circumvention have options such as reducing the number of free articles someone can view before logging in, requiring free registration to view any content, or hardening their paywalls. Other sites offer more generous meters as a way to develop affinity among potential subscribers, recognizing some people will always look for workarounds.  We suggest publishers monitor the effect of the FileSystem API change before taking reactive measures since any impact on user behavior may be different than expected and any change in meter strategy will impact all users, not just those using Incognito Mode.

Our News teams support sites with meter strategies and recognize the goal of reducing meter circumvention, however any approach based on private browsing detection undermines the principles of Incognito Mode. We remain open to exploring solutions that are consistent with user trust and private browsing principles.

Source: Google Chrome

The Compass Experiment is navigating local news in Ohio

I fell in love with journalism while growing up in Ohio, and later while in college at Kent State University. As a student, I tried—and failed—to get an internship at a nearby newspaper I admired, the Youngstown Vindicator. 

But now, 150 years after it started, The Vindicator is closing on August 31. That will leave Youngstown, Ohio, and a larger region of about 500,000 people, without a daily newspaper. The timing of such a loss couldn’t be worse for Youngstown, which has suffered through a tremendous economic downturn over the last 40 years.  

While the area may be struggling financially, Youngstown has a distinct identity and a strong sense of community, which is why we want to help build a path forward for local news. Today, McClatchy announced Youngstown will be the location of The Compass Experiment’s first local news operation, due to launch this fall. 

Compass is a local news lab founded in partnership between McClatchy and Google, and part of the Google News Initiative’s Local Experiments Project. Over the next three years, we will launch and operate three digital-only news operations in small to mid-sized U.S. communities that have limited sources of local, independent journalism. The goal is to not only support the dissemination of news in these communities, but also make the local operations financially self-sustaining, through experimentation with a variety of revenue models. We will also document and share what we've learned with the broader news community, with the intention of creating successful models that can be replicated elsewhere. 

Over the past few weeks, the Compass team has been talking to journalists, community leaders and businesses in the Youngstown area about the area’s news needs. We have found many allies eager to help bring this to life.  

The locations of the remaining Compass sites have not been decided yet. Each site will be independently built and may launch with different platforms and revenue models. All three sites will be 100 percent owned and operated by McClatchy, which has sole editorial control over content. 

In the search for ideal Compass sites, McClatchy has put considerable effort into identifying local markets ripe for innovation in local news. Compass consulted with Penelope Muse Abernathy, the Knight Chair in Journalism and Digital Media Economics at the University of North Carolina and author of a 2018 study on the loss of local journalism in the United States, in analyzing potential communities for the first local digital news sites.  

We at McClatchy are looking forward to continuing our close collaboration with Google as we embark on this next important step. Over the course of the next three years, we will be sharing our successes, failures and what we’ve learned to the media industry at large.  

Compass is currently hiring editorial and business staff from the area to begin work on the Youngstown operation, as well as positions on its central team. In the meantime, please follow along on our Medium page as we develop our Youngstown news operation.

How AI could shape the future of journalism

Editor’s note: What impact can AI have on journalism? That is a question the Google News Initiative is exploring through a partnership with Polis, the international journalism think tank at the London School of Economics and Political Science. The following post is written by Mattia Peretti, who manages the program, called Journalism AI.

From the New York Times using artificial intelligence to find untold stories in millions of archived photos, to Trint using voice recognition to transcribe interviews in multiple languages, journalists around the world are applying AI in new and varied ways. When faced with financial, ethical and editorial questions around how the use of AI could impact their work, modern news organizations are exploring a wide variety of approaches to bring these new technologies to their newsrooms.

With the expert advice of newsroom leaders from Europe, the U.S. and Asia Pacific, we crafted a survey of more than 20 questions, ranging from the technical (which AI technologies have you adopted?) to the ethical (are you aware of AI biases, and how do you avoid them?). Over the last few weeks, newsrooms from all over the world have completed the survey, with contributions coming in from every continent. Their responses will lay the foundation of a report we will publish this fall, to draw a picture of how media is currently using—and could further benefit from—AI technologies.

Journalism AI workshop

Charlie Beckett presenting Journalism AI in London.

The richness and sophistication of the responses we have received so far is overwhelming. Most lament the vagueness surrounding the term “AI” and seek to adopt more precise terminology— machine learning, for example—in newsroom projects and conversations. With applications ranging from understanding readers’ likeliness to subscribe and moderating posts in the comments section, it’s easy to understand why it’s necessary to get more specific. 

Across the board, people generally agree about the motivations for adopting AI-powered technologies: No one expects machines to replace journalists, nor is anyone working towards that. The underlying goal is to delegate routine tasks to machines to free up time for creative work, in-depth investigations and audience engagement.

Today, newsrooms are exploring the potential of these new technologies, but only a few have already implemented AI at scale. For most organizations, the adoption is still in an experimental phase. While some journalists are ambivalent or skeptical, many are curious about how AI will impact workflows and processes and how newsrooms will cope with yet another new phase of disruption. 

Something fundamental is changing in the news industry. New technological challenges and opportunities are encouraging a reflection about the deeper meaning and mission of journalism, as well as the shape and ethics of the news industry in the era of artificial intelligence. As a result, many realize the urgency to explore innovative solutions to sustain the business of news. 

Algorithms and machines can augment the power of journalists, opening up new possibilities and unexplored territories. “AI just doesn’t work on its own, and we can’t expect it to fix all our problems,” one respondent to the survey said. “The best impact can be achieved as a partnership between humans and technology.”

We hope that our survey, and the community that we’re building around Journalism AI, will contribute to the quality and potential of this fascinating encounter.

Table Stakes Europe, a program to help local journalism thrive

Editor’s note: As part of the Google News Initiative, we work with news publishing partners across the world on efforts to help the industry thrive in the digital age. The following post comes from one of our partners Vincent Peyregne, CEO of WAN-IFRA.

Trust, democracy and civic engagement often take root within communities and neighborhoods. Local news plays a critical role in this process, and high quality and financially sustainable local journalism is indispensable for local communities to thrive.

Yet, unlike global news brands, local and regional newspapers don’t have—and can’t realistically grow—audiences beyond the geographies in which they operate, which makes it challenging to keep up with the changing nature of digital journalism. 

WAN-IFRA and the Google News Initiative are joining forces to launch Table Stakes Europe, a program to help local and regional newspapers find new ways to build local audiences, prosper in a digital world and perform their crucial role in society. Started in 2015 in the U.S., our vision with Table Stakes is to show how local changes make a global impact

Table Stakes Europe will build upon the proven Table Stakes approach, plus coaching methodologies that have helped dozens of local news organizations in the U.S.  improve their audience and digital capabilities and results. The Program is designed to help small and medium local and regional newspapers in Europe transform their business, increase consumer-based revenue, and build digital capabilities.

The program will begin in October 2019, and run for 10 to 12 months. We expect at least 10 small and medium local and regional news enterprises to participate from a variety of countries and backgrounds. Small and medium local and regional newspaper organizations can apply to the program by September 1st.

WAN-IFRA and the Google News Initiative are excited about bringing this opportunity to local news organizations in Europe and are looking forward to sharing the lessons and best practices with the industry at large throughout and at the end of the program.

Journalism and AI team up to measure missing stories

Violent organized crime is one of the biggest crises facing Mexico, and it places journalists in harm’s way. Murders are a daily occurrence in many parts of the country, and research shows that Mexico is the most deadly place in the world for reporters outside of active war zones. The natural desire to avoid becoming a target has led some journalists to choose to stay quiet to save their lives.

Something akin to a code of silence has emerged across the country. We suspected that there were entire regions where journalists were not reporting on the violence, threats, intimidation and murder that were well known to be part of daily life.

We set out to measure this silence and its impact on journalism. To do so, we partnered with the Google News Initiative to use the power of machine learning and artificial intelligence to quantify and visualize news coverage and analyze the gaps in coverage across the country.

Our first step was to establish a process to determine the absence of news. We explored articles on violence to understand how they compare to the government's official registry of homicides.

In theory, each murder that occurs ought to correspond with at least one local report about the event. If we saw a divergence, or if the government's reports were suddenly very different from local news coverage, we could deduce that journalists were being silenced.

Early on, sorting through news articles seemed impossible. We knew we needed to find a news archive with the largest number of publications in Mexico possible so we could track daily coverage across the country. Google News’ vast collection of local and national news stories across Mexico was a good fit.

The effort required us to identify the difference between the number of homicides officially recorded and the news stories of those killings on Google News. This required machine learning algorithms that were able to identify the first reported story and then pinpoint where the event took place. With that information, we were able to connect reported events by media with the government's reports on homicides across more than 2400 municipalities in Mexico.

El Universal 3D map

A map of unreported murders across Mexico that were identified through El Universal’s project.  

Finally, to measure the degree of silence in each region of the country, we created a formula that allows us to see the evolution of this phenomenon over time. The resulting data shows a fascinating mix of falls or peaks in unreported deaths, which coincide with events such as the arrival of new governments or the deaths of drug dealers. Further investigation will allow us to explain these connections.

At El Universal, we’re committed to continue our search for news deserts, to enhance the vitality of journalism in Mexico and draw attention to how coverage varies according to the type of crimes committed in each region, not just homicides.

This exercise is another reminder that in Mexico, as in many other countries, we cannot take freedom of the press for granted.

Google for Brazil: expanding access to technology and information

Access is at the core of everything we do at Google, going back to our mission statement. Without access to a decent internet connection or digital skills, people can’t use technology to make their lives easier.

With that in mind, we made a series of announcements today at our annual Google for Brazil event in São Paulo to help Brazilians get more out of the internet, ranging from fast and free Wi-Fi hubs to educational programs. And as part of our commitment to responsible innovation, we also shared how we're building privacy and transparency tools into our products to give people clear, individualized choices around how their data is used.

Google Station arrives in Brazil

Google Station aims to connect people to a fast, free and open internet. We have 80 locations up and running in public squares, parks and train stations across São Paulo already, thanks to our partners America Net and Linktel and our first sponsor, Itaú. We plan to keep working with partners to launch hundreds more Google Station locations across Brazil by the end of 2020.

Privacy for everyone

As our technology evolves, so do our privacy protections to ensure that people have control over their data. Today, two new privacy tools went live in Brazil, where people can now use Android phones as security keys, adding an extra layer of protection to their information. They can also check how data is being used in Maps, Search and the Assistant, by accessing the apps menu and choosing the option “Your data in …” There, you can review and delete your location activity in Maps or your search activity in Search. Soon, the same feature will be accessible on YouTube.

Auto-delete controls for Web and Apps Activity are also now available globally, allowing people to easily manage the amount of time their data is saved. Choose a limit—3 or 18 months—and anything older than that will be automatically deleted on an ongoing basis. Auto-delete controls are coming soon to Location History. And Incognito Mode for Maps and Search is coming later this year.

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Strengthening the news ecosystem

To connect people with high-quality information and news, we're working closely with journalists and publishers. Here are three ways we’re helping to fuel innovation in journalism in Brazil and Latin America:

  • Google News Initiative grants will support training programs and events for Brazilian journalism associations, including continued funding for Comprova, a coalition of more than 20 news organizations to combat misinformation online.

  • We put out a call for applications for the first GNI Innovation Challenge in Latin America, an initiative to fund projects that bring new ideas and sustainable business models to digital journalism. We'll fund proposals with up to one million reais. Registration is open until July 22.

  • We’re starting an incubation program for journalism startups, in partnership with Google for Startups Campus São Paulo. The Digital Native News Incubator will support early stage teams with products, tools, and mentorship as they build their organizations.

Voice and helpfulness

Brazilians love using their voices to get things done on their phones. The Assistant in Portuguese has been around for almost two years, and Brazil is already among the top three countries in active users. Brazilians will soon have another way to keep the conversation flowing—local tech company Positivo is set to roll out a smart feature phone running KaiOS, with an Assistant button. It’s an entry-level device that can help you through the day, using voice to search, send messages and much more. Positivo is also introducing a new line of devices like lamps, plugs, cameras and alarms that can be controlled by voice, another example of how the Assistant can serve as the backbone of a smart home.


We’re also partnering with developers and brands to build relevant Actions. One example is Galinha Pintadinha, a popular Brazilian content creator for families, which launched a set of news games that revive our childhood with traditional plays like “freeze dance”. Starting today, experiences like this will also be available on entry-level Android Go phones.

Media literacy, digital skills and more

Navigating the deluge of information online can be challenging. A Google.org grant of 4 million reais is going to Palavra Aberta Institute to create EducaMídia, media literacy program which will help Brazilian teachers and students develop skills to distinguish online misinformation from reliable content.

In addition, a 4.5 million reais grant for Junior Achievement Brazil will fund 2,000 scholarships for the IT Support Professional Certificate, an online training program developed by Google and hosted on Coursera. Through the grant, we will prepare young Brazilians from underrepresented communities to become the next generation of IT Support Specialists, and help connect them with potential local employers upon completion.

Change the Game, a Google Play initiative to support and empower women as game players and creators, is also coming to Brazil. We'll ask women to submit ideas for games, and together with partners we'll help develop and launch two winning projects. We'll also offer training for 500 young women who want to make their mark in the mobile gaming world.


Speaking of games, the Women's World Cup is upon us. Whether you call it soccer, football, futebol or fútbol, you can keep up with all the action in this year's tournament in France using Google tools such as Search and the Assistant.

Last but not least, we pulled back the curtains on a retrospective for one of Brazil's most celebrated artists, Cândido Portinari. After “Faces of Frida,” “Portinari: Painter of the People” is the second-largest collection dedicated to a Latin American artist on Google Arts & Culture.

We feel privileged that people turn to Google for help in their daily lives. We're doing our best to match that trust with responsible innovation that serves people everywhere, wherever they may be.

Newsmakers: Paula Miraglia gives news an academic view

Editor’s note: This year, we’re celebrating innovation in journalism through a series of interviews with changemakers from across the news industry. Through the Newsmakers series, you’ll get to know a few of the journalists, newsroom leaders, researchers and technologists who are shaping the future of news.

Paula Miraglia

Paula Miraglia spends much of her time working in news, as the CEO and co-founder of Nexo Jornal. But before taking that job, she didn’t have a news background at all. Much of her career was spent working in public policy, as a social scientist with a PhD in anthropology. But Paula says that her background gave her the knowledge she needs for today’s news industry.

Like Miraglia, Nexo’s coverage of current events has an academic edge. Instead of covering every update around major news event, Nexo’s reporting digs deep into issues to share comprehensive coverage on complex topics. The award-winning Brazilian digital newspaper uses maps, video, illustrations, interactive elements and even music to create lasting content the outlives traditional breaking news coverage

Paula shared with The Keyword how her commitment to supporting diverse voices, innovating with storytelling and focusing on readers is driving quality journalism at Nexo.

With your background in social sciences, how did you first get started in journalism?

During my previous career as an anthropologist, I worked on academic research and in public policy on topics related to public interest and well-being. The idea of starting Nexo and producing high-quality, balanced, accessible and evidence-based journalism, relates very much to this trajectory. Something that I share with the two other co-founders of Nexo, Renata Rizzi and Conrado Corsalette, is the idea that knowledge can change the world for the better. We believe that journalism can inform public debate, can make compelling use of evidence and data, can explain important phenomena, can illuminate issues that are relevant to the national agenda and, therefore, has the capacity of strengthening democracy.

Nexo Article

An example of recent reporting by Nexo that showed the concentration of financial assets owned by banks in Brazil when compared to banks based in other countries.

What’s the biggest lesson you’ve learned in the past year?

Nexo is a young organization; we are only three and a half years old. Although we have achieved a lot in this period and established new standards in terms of content quality, user experience and many other things, it’s clear to me that in order to keep growing and to constantly innovate it's necessary to foster a culture of daily innovation within the organization. If you don’t experiment you became obsolete and conventional very quickly.

For me it’s clear now that our capacity to try new things and change fast is one of our greatest competitive advantages. But they are not givens. We need to be focusing on and stimulating them constantly.

What’s the biggest risk you’ve taken recently?

Nexo itself is a big risk, both from an editorial and a business perspective. We were pioneers in Brazil. Unlike traditional news organizations, we are not focused on reporting on breaking news. We are also different as subscription-based organization and that doesn’t have advertisements on our website. Although we have a number of revenue sources, subscriptions are our main one. The organization was also self funded from the start. But everyday we are reassured that it was a risk worth taking.

Nexo homepage

The homepage of Nexo

What’s one thing the news industry should stop focusing on?

Making readership numbers the main or exclusive measure of success. Although it's obviously relevant, sometimes writing for views can create traps and jeopardize the production of quality content. If you are only after the click, it may look good for a while, but in the long term it will make it harder to keep your business sustainable.

What do you think will be key to the future of your job and the news industry?

The industry has been rethinking itself in a very creative way in many senses. I believe that in terms of diversity, however, there is still a lot of room for us to improve. At Nexo we are now a 40-person newsroom with people of many different backgrounds. The more diverse our team gets, the bigger our capacity gets to tell the stories that really matter in a way that engages our audience.

We have been improving our hiring processes in order to guarantee and amplify that, and we are about to launch an annual training program that will focus on black journalism students. I believe that news organizations can benefit a lot if they commit to having diversity as one of their priorities.

How The Guardian grew its premium app offering

The Guardian was one of the first news organizations to embrace digital. They went from being the ninth-most read newspaper in the U.K. to a global news organization with an audience of over 155 million monthly browsers. Their journalism is watched, read and listened to around the world. They produce live blogs, podcasts and videos designed for multiple platforms and devices.

They’re also committed to the sustainable provision of open and independent journalism; The Guardian is not behind a paywall. Instead, they developed a new progressive business model that focuses on deepening relationships with readers and developing new revenue streams directly from those readers. Today The Guardian generates more income from readers than advertisers, a unique business model that has begun to inspire the wider media industry.

Guardian App Screens

Guardian readers support their journalism through a combination of contributions, memberships and subscriptions, which includes their Premium app. They now have a significant number of subscribers to the premium tier of their app, which is steadily growing each week and has won a number of awards, including The Drum’s “App of the Year” award and the 2019 Webby award for mobile apps.

In a new case study published today, The Guardian goes into detail on the development of this app, which has fundamentally changed the way in which they operate, collaborate and develop new revenue streams. Their team consulted with the Google Play and Partner Developer Relations teams on ways to promote awareness of, and upgrades to, the premium tier of their app, which was specifically designed around the habits of its audience. You can read the case study on the Google News Initiative’s website.

Thanks to their reader-centric approach and growing suite of reader revenue initiatives, The Guardian’s revenues are growing, with digital revenues now at 55 percent of their total revenue—helping them achieve a digital transformation without putting up barriers to Guardian journalism.

A challenge to stimulate local news in North America

When journalist Megan Lucero started as director at U.K. based Bureau Local, she had an ambitious mission: to use technology to discover powerful public interest stories in local news.

The startup, which is part of the nonprofit organization The Bureau of Investigative Journalism,received financial support from Google’s Digital News Innovation Fund to create a platform where data journalists could come together and work on stories collaboratively. With this funding they set about a huge effort to stimulate the local news scene.

More than two years later, Bureau Local has not only attracted hundreds of journalists, activists and interested citizens eager to work on local data journalism, but also has produced a number of agenda-changing front pages for local newspapers and websites throughout the United Kingdom. These have included an investigation into the number of deaths of homeless people, another into provision for domestic violence victims and a focus on town hall sell-offs of public spaces. Megan and her team have also received a string of journalism awards, including a prestigious European Press Prize (EPP), and just last week received nominations in three categories of the GEN Data Journalism Awards.

Initiatives like Bureau Local, along with other important work in the local news space, are the reason we’re expanding our effort to launch the first GNI Innovation Challenge in North America, and it’s all about local news.

We heard loud and clear from journalists across the United States and Canada that there is a significant need to empower news organizations and reporters who are covering their local communities because they are are under increasing financial pressure. Local journalists are the beating hearts of their communities, whether they’re reporting from the front row of a city council hearing, helping citizens understand infrastructure changes in their neighborhoods or providing a live play-by-play of a high school basketball game.

This announcement builds on last year’s launch of the Google News Initiative Innovation Challenges, program aimed at stimulating the news ecosystem around the world in response to the industry’s most urgent needs. The program kicked off in the Asia Pacific region, where 23 recipients from 14 countries across the region were awarded funding for the exciting new ideas they proposed to address challenges with reader revenue.

How it works

For this innovation challenge, we’re looking for projects which specifically address the local news sector, and which aim to generate revenue or increase audience engagement. Past innovation programs have produced ideas for a new kind of paywall or a new way of distributing news. Others produced new thinking on an organization’s workflows and the way social media unlocks audiences.

A panel will evaluate the submissions and fund selected projects up to $300K, with funding for up to 70 percent of the total project cost. The projects will be reviewed against four specific factors, which include encouraging applicants to share their knowledge by, for example, publishing case studies or holding a public seminar. Other criteria include the impact projects will have on the news ecosystem, how innovative they are and how feasible the plan is to achieve.

Potential applicants in Canada and the United States can view the full criteria on our website. Applications open on May 28 at 9:00 a.m. Pacific time, and the deadline to submit is July 15, 2019 at 11:59 p.m. Pacific. For more information, tune in to our webinar Town Hall on YouTube, Thursday, June 25 at 10.00 a.m. Pacific for a Q&A with members of the team.

We don’t have the answers, but what we do know is that innovation can come from anywhere and everywhere. We want to make sure that all news organizations, large and small,, traditional publishers and new entrants, have the opportunity to share new ideas for a more sustainable industry. Anyone aiming to build innovative media projects is welcome to apply. See the application form and more details on our website.

A look at how news at Google works

During the tragic events of September 11, 2001, people struggled to find timely, trustworthy news and information in Google Search. When they looked for information about what was going on in New York, our algorithms showed results about the city’s history or recommendations for travelers.

Soon after, in 2002, we launched Google News to solve this problem. We built Google News’ homepage to help users discover diverse perspectives from multiple news outlets about the news of the day, prompting them to dive deeper into individual articles and making it easier to compare different views.

Over the past 17 years, we have integrated that thinking into the news products and features we have built for Google Search, YouTube, the Assistant, Discover and more. During this same time, the online news ecosystem has become richer, more diverse and more complex. The modern news industry creates opportunities for everyone to explore more of the world than we ever could before, and to be exposed to perspectives we may not have encountered otherwise. That said, it can also make it difficult to stay informed and to understand which sources to trust.

In response to these changes, we continue to evolve our news experiences in Google products. While we’ve already done a lot to explain How Google Search Works, people often ask us how we go about building news experiences in Google Search, Google News, Discover, YouTube or the Assistant. So today, we are launching a How News Works website to do just that. It outlines the objectives of our work, the principles we follow and the approaches we take in the design of news experiences in Google products.

Supporting the news ecosystem, and its readers

Google aims to help everyone better understand the world by connecting them with high quality news from a variety of perspectives. We do this in real-time for Google News editions around the world. The algorithms used for our news experiences analyze hundreds of different factors to identify and organize the stories journalists are covering, in order to elevate diverse, trustworthy information.

Google does not make editorial decisions about which stories to show, except for the infrequent case of designated topical experiences. In these cases, we may want to make sure that there is a dedicated topic in Google News for a significant event, such as the Oscars or World Cup. We make it clear to users when these topical experiences take place.

News experiences rely on the sustainability of high-quality journalism, so we strive to help journalism flourish by bringing new audiences to publishers. Google’s news products and features send web traffic to news sources all around the world, helping them expand their reach. In addition, we develop tools to help publishers turn their readers into subscribers, and the Google News Initiative offers programs to help address industry-wide challenges and fuel innovation in journalism.

How we build news experiences

Everyone has different expectations and preferences when it comes to exploring news. Over the course of one day, we might want to know the stories that are on top of the day’s agenda, get the latest on topics that we personally care about or get more context about a story we want to explore further. That’s why Google provides three distinct but interconnected ways to discover news across our products and devices:

  • Top News, for everyone, with features like Headlines in Google News or Breaking News on YouTube. They showcase the important stories being covered at a given point in time, and are not personalized.

  • News personalized for you, with products like Discover or features like For You in Google News, or the Latest tab of the YouTube app on TVs, that help you stay informed about subjects that matter to you.

  • Deep context and diverse perspectives, featuring unpersonalized news from a broad range of sources within Top Stories in Search, Top News search results on YouTube or Full Coverage in Google News.

New features need to pass a rigorous evaluation process that involves both live tests and thousands of trained external Search quality raters around the world. We also seek user feedback before and after product launches to understand how to further improve the services we provide.

You will find more information about these topics on our How News Works website, including some of the signals our ranking systems look at and more details about the news experiences currently available on Google.