Two years ago, we launched the Android Security Rewards program. In its second year, we've seen great progress. We received over 450 qualifying vulnerability reports from researchers and the average pay per researcher jumped by 52.3%. On top of that, the total Android Security Rewards payout doubled to $1.1 million dollars. Since it launched, we've rewarded researchers over $1.5 million dollars.
Here are some of the highlights from the Android Security Rewards program's second year:
- There were no payouts for the top reward for a complete remote exploit chain leading to TrustZone or Verified Boot compromise, our highest award amount possible.
- We paid 115 individuals with an average of $2,150 per reward and $10,209 per researcher.
- We paid our top research team, C0RE Team, over $300,000 for 118 vulnerability reports.
- We paid 31 researchers $10,000 or more.
Improvements to Android Security Rewards program
We're constantly working to improve the Android Security Rewards program and today we're making a few changes to all vulnerability reports filed after June 1, 2017.
Because every Android release includes more security protections and no researcher has claimed the top reward for an exploit chains in 2 years, we're excited to increase our top-line payouts for these exploits.
- Rewards for a remote exploit chain or exploit leading to TrustZone or Verified Boot compromise increase from $50,000 to $200,000.
- Rewards for a remote kernel exploit increase from $30,000 to $150,000.
In addition to rewarding for vulnerabilities, we continue to work with the broad and diverse Android ecosystem to protect users from issues reported through our program. We collaborate with manufacturers to ensure that these issues are fixed on their devices through monthly security updates. Over 100 device models have a majority of their deployed devices running a security update from the last 90 days. This table shows the models with a majority of deployed devices running a security update from the last two months:
Thank you to everyone who helped make Android safer and stronger in the past year. Together, we made a huge investment in security research that helps Android users everywhere. If you want to get involved to make next year even better, check out our detailed Program Rules. For tips on how to submit complete reports, see Bug Hunter University.