Tag Archives: google cloud

A recipe for beating the record of most-calculated digits of pi

Editor’s note: Today, March 14, is Pi Day (3.14). Here at Google, we’re celebrating the day with a new milestone: A team at Google has broken the Guinness World RecordsTMtitle for most accurate value of pi.

Whether or not you realize it, pi is everywhere you look. It’s the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, so the next time you check your watch or see the turning wheels of a vehicle go by, you’re looking at pi. And since pi is an irrational number, there’s no end to how many of its digits can be calculated. You might know it as 3.14, but math and science pros are constantly working to calculate more and more digits of pi, so they can test supercomputers (and have a bit of healthy competition, too).

While I’ve been busy thinking about which flavor of pie I’m going to enjoy later today, Googler Emma Haruka Iwao has been busy using Google Compute Engine, powered by Google Cloud, to calculate the most accurate value of pi—ever. That’s 31,415,926,535,897 digits, to be exact. Emma used the power of the cloud for the task, making this the first time the cloud has been used for a pi calculation of this magnitude.

Here’s Emma’s recipe for what started out as a pie-in-the-sky idea to break a Guinness World Records title:

Step 1: Find inspiration for your calculation.

When Emma was 12 years old, she became fascinated with pi. “Pi seems simple—it starts with 3.14. When I was a kid, I downloaded a program to calculate pi on my computer,” she says. “At the time, the world record holders were Yasumasa Kanada and Daisuke Takahashi, who are Japanese, so it was really relatable for me growing up in Japan.”

Later on, when Emma was in college, one of her professors was Dr. Daisuke Takahashi, then the record holder for calculating the most accurate value of pi using a supercomputer. “When I told him I was going to start this project, he shared his advice and some technical strategies with me.”

Step 2: Combine your ingredients.

To calculate pi, Emma used an application called y-cruncher on 25 Google Cloud virtual machines. “The biggest challenge with pi is that it requires a lot of storage and memory to calculate,” Emma says. Her calculation required 170 terabytes of data to complete—that's roughly equivalent to the amount of data in the entire Library of Congress print collections.

Emma

Step 3: Bake for four months.

Emma’s calculation took the virtual machines about 121 days to complete. During that whole time, the Google Cloud infrastructure kept the servers going. If there’d been any failures or interruptions, it would’ve disrupted the calculation. When Emma checked to see if her end result was correct, she felt relieved when the number checked out. “I started to realize it was an exciting accomplishment for my team,” she says.

Step 4: Share a slice of your achievement.

Emma thinks there are a lot of mathematical problems out there to solve, and we’re just at the beginning of exploring how cloud computing can play a role. “When I was a kid, I didn’t have access to supercomputers. But even if you don’t work for Google, you can apply for various scholarships and programs to access computing resources,” she says. “I was very fortunate that there were Japanese world record holders that I could relate to. I’m really happy to be one of the few women in computer science holding the record, and I hope I can show more people who want to work in the industry what’s possible.”

At Google, Emma is a Cloud Developer Advocate, focused on high-performance computing and programming language communities. Her job is to work directly with developers, helping them to do more with the cloud and share information about how products work. And now, she’s also sharing her calculations: Google Cloud has published the computed digits entirely as disk snapshots, so they’re available to anyone who wants to access them. This means anyone can copy the snapshots, work on the results and use the computation resources in less than an hour. Without the cloud, the only way someone could access such a large dataset would be to ship physical hard drives. 

Today, though, Emma and her team are taking a moment to celebrate the new world record. And maybe a piece of pie, too. Emma’s favorite flavor? “I like apple pie—not too sweet.”

For the technical details on how Emma used Google Compute Engine to calculate pi, head over to the Google Cloud Platform blog.

Cloud Covered: What was new with Google Cloud in February

February is a time for chocolate and candy hearts, but you know what's really sweet? Less email spam and apps that work faster. Those are just two of our updates from Google Cloud last month. Read on for what was new and popular last month on the Google Cloud blog.

Gmail: now with even less spam.

Gmail already blocks 99.9 percent of spam email for users, and a new application of our machine learning framework TensorFlow is now helping to block 100 million more spam messages every day. TensorFlow does this by detecting new types of spam messages by identifying potentially suspicious patterns in large data sets more efficiently than humans can. So this use of machine learning means it’s easier to stop new types of spam, which are constantly emerging.  

You can move to and from the cloud with a hybrid platform.

Working in the cloud means that businesses won’t run their back-end computers (known as servers) at their own location anymore, but will instead use a cloud provider to run them in the cloud. Hybrid cloud is the concept of a business running some of their servers with a cloud provider, in a cloud provider’s data center, and keeping other servers in their own data centers. Last month’s hybrid cloud announcement brought news that this is now a lot easier for businesses using Google Cloud Platform (GCP) to do. The Cloud Services Platform (CSP) launch means that developers can build and, IT teams can run, their applications both in the cloud and in their own data center with a consistent experience.

A database could be the secret sauce that helps build apps faster.

Lots of us—or maybe most of us—depend pretty heavily on our phone applications to book transportation, find restaurants, order food and do lots of other everyday tasks. There’s a lot under the hood that makes those apps work well and stay updated all the time. We announced last month that the Cloud Firestore database is generally available, and described some of the ways to use it for  building mobile, web, and IoT apps. One media company used Cloud Firestore to build a real-time media feed so users would see the latest news updated across all their devices.

We introduced a new sandbox (but not the messy kind).

The idea of a sandbox in the tech world isn’t that different from the kind you see at playgrounds: It’s essentially a contained area to explore and play, using software development tools instead of shovels and buckets. There’s a new type of sandbox for IT students, developers and other experimenters to use Google Cloud’s BigQuery without having to enter credit card information.  BigQuery is a Google Cloud product that lets companies ask questions of their collected data, such as to track business trends over time, or to explore publicly available data sets, such as NOAA weather data, to include in their own applications. BigQuery sandbox users get the same compute power as paying users, and just like paying users can use new capabilities like BigQuery Machine Learning and BigQuery Geospatial Information Systems.

It’s easier to explore cryptocurrencies and blockchains.

On the topic of publicly available data sets, we released six new cryptocurrency blockchain data sets last month. What does that mean, you might ask? The blockchain itself is a list of records, and a cryptocurrency is a type of, well, currency that’s exchanged online and secured by cryptography. Bitcoin may be the most well-known example of a cryptocurrency based on blockchain, but there are others as well. Adding these six new blockchain data sets mean that BigQuery users can explore and analyze data to understand how these cryptocurrencies really work, and integrate them into other financial data management systems.

That’s a wrap for February. Make sure to check out our upcoming Google Cloud Next ‘19 conference to read lots more about cloud.

Cloud Covered: What was new with Google Cloud in January

Our forecast is calling for plenty of clouds in this new year—not the kind that bring rain and snow, but the ones that bring data analytics, storage and lots more. We’re already off to a brisk start in 2019—here are a few highlights from January, in case you missed them.

New year, new skills: Cloud training and certification is here.

Cloud technology is changing the way that businesses work, letting them do even more at a faster pace. However, there’s usually one thing missing: The knowledge to run these cloud systems and create new ways to use them. So we’ve announced four new certifications, plus a bunch of new courses and labs in five languages, so that more people can learn Google Cloud skills. How will you grow your cloud career?

Sheets just got a data boost.

Performing data analysis in Google’s BigQuery can yield lots of interesting insights—but not all of us are data scientists. We want to make it easier for anyone to analyze their data, so we created the BigQuery data connector. The connector helps you import large datasets from BigQuery into Sheets so you can create reports or analyze data in a familiar spreadsheet interface. Great for sales, marketing or other departments. Here’s what it looks like.

Hardware chips make fast, clear web images possible.

If you’ve played high-resolution games or enjoyed crisp graphics on a web page, there might have been a GPU powering those experiences. A GPU, or graphics processing unit, is a type of hardware processor that’s faster than the usual computer CPU, and can handle more intense graphics rendering jobs. New NVIDIA GPUs are in beta (only from Google Cloud!) and can power machine learning jobs.  Read more about this cool type of hardware.

Security trends keep IT on their toes.

Google’s security experts laid out some of what to expect this year in software security. You may see more use of tools like hardware security keys to prevent phishing, and more deployment of zero-trust architectures that increase flexibility while also enhancing security. See the entire list of 2019 security trends.

The first step to the cloud is often getting your existing apps there first.

There are plenty of great products and services available in Google Cloud—but for many of you, you'll want to start by moving some of your existing apps to Google Cloud Platform (GCP). That’s a big process, though, so planning and prioritizing will go a long way toward migration success. This checklist offers guidance on how you can decide which virtual machines (VMs) are the best candidates for migration. More on that decision-making here.

For all of what we covered in January, check out the Google Cloud blog.

How we’re keeping Cloud users and businesses safe

We’re focusing on security all week in honor of Safer Internet Day, and while internet safety is top of mind for folks now, our responsibility to protect people is as important today as it is every other week of the year.

I recently joined Google after years in the financial services industry, motivated in large part by the opportunity to improve the security not just of one organization, but of many organizations that affect our everyday lives. Companies that provide us with healthcare, that help us manage our finances, that manufacture the things we use everyday—they all require secure tools and infrastructure to do what they do.

We understand this and feel a deep responsibility to protect you online when you use Google products. With Google Cloud, we help companies protect their users and their data, with security as a core design principle. Here are a few ways that cloud technology helps keep you safe.

Stopping spam, 100 million more times a day

Every time you use G Suite apps like Gmail, Docs or Drive, you have the full strength of Google’s global team of security engineers protecting you from threats. Those engineers have built automatic protections into G Suite, such as those that help block 99.9 percent of spam, phishing or malware from ever getting into your inbox. Because more than a billion people use Gmail and Drive, we’re able to identify and adapt to evolving threats quickly.

Increasingly, more and more businesses are turning to G Suite (5 million+) to help them stay ahead of threats, and one of the ways we help them do that is through machine learning (ML). Some of our newest protections are powered by TensorFlow, an open-source ML framework developed at Google, and they’re now blocking around 100 million additional spam messages in Gmail every day. You can read more about this on the Google Cloud blog.

Protecting organizations outside of Google

In addition to the automatic protections we have baked into our products, we also give organizations the tools to tailor security to meet their policy, regulatory, and business needs. For example, G Suite and Cloud Identity make it easier to manage who can access what information in an organization, whether it’s selecting what can be accessed on specific devices or which apps certain employees can use. If you’re a G Suite IT administrator, check out these tips to protect your organization—for example, have your users complete a Security Checkup and enforce 2-step verification with security keys.

Then there’s Chrome Enterprise, which combines the Chrome OS, browser and hardware, to help make work secure in the cloud. Together, G Suite, Cloud Identity and Chrome Enterprise provide a comprehensive approach to security, and help keep organizations safe—and productive—wherever they are working from.

Advancing cloud security with “confidential computing”

Google Cloud provides a secure platform and infrastructure for businesses to build on, whether they’re startups born in the cloud, or large companies who are just beginning to migrate their infrastructure there.

We work to give customers control of their data at every layer, for example encrypting data at rest by default and preventing data from getting in the wrong hands with VPC Service Controls.

To further that goal, we’re investing in “confidential computing,” a new security development that aims to protect applications and data while they are in use—even from someone with privileged access. Today, we published a blog post that goes into more detail about how we’re thinking about confidential computing at Google, and announced a Confidential Computing Challenge to encourage people to come up with interesting ways to apply it.

Whether its using cloud-based services to better protect Google users, or offering our cloud services and infrastructure to protect businesses, cloud has emerged as an important new tool that will make every day Safer Internet Day! You can find a round-up of all our Safer Internet Day activities here.

Google Cloud offers global support for academic research

Today’s scientific computing demands lightning-fast speed, vast data storage, and intensive processing power in order to advance discoveries across disciplines, from genomics to climate change. Two new agreements and a range of initiatives in Europe and the United States expand Google’s support for academic researchers globally, enabling them to leverage the benefits of Google Cloud Platform (GCP), our infrastructure as a service platform.

Giving European researchers easy access to GCP through our agreement with GÉANT

With 50 million users at ten thousand institutions across Europe, GÉANT is the leading research and education infrastructure platform in Europe. Google’s new agreement with GÉANT will allow for broader collaboration across that extensive network, offering GÉANT members special educational discounts to access GCP. Together, the scientists, educators, IT leaders, and the 38 National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) in GÉANT can now make direct Google connections at reduced cost to put their data to work to discover meaningful insights with the potential for global impact. Andres Steijaert, Project Leader Cloud Services at GÉANT, says that “we are delighted that Google Cloud Platform is joining the GÉANT Cloud Portfolio and can now be used easily via a ready-to-use agreement, through GÉANT. The machine learning and AI features open up a wide range of exciting opportunities for education and research.” Other benefits include data egress waivers, unique pricing for GÉANT member campuses, single sign-on support through SAML2, and a negotiated terms of service.

GCP will be available to GÉANT member institutions through Cloud Technology Solutions (CTS), one of the world’s largest cloud infrastructure experts. To get started, email H.Ed@cloudsolutions.co.uk.

Bringing scientific computing to the cloud through a cooperative agreement with NSF and Internet2

The National Science Foundation (NSF) and Internet2, a computer networking consortium, have partnered with commercial cloud providers, including GCP, to accelerate scientific discoveries and promote collaboration. The first project, Exploring Clouds for Acceleration of Science (E-CAS), invites proposals to investigate the benefits of large-scale computing for scientific workflows—such as leveraging faster processing speeds, machine learning, serverless applications, and real-time analytics. “Our investments in E-CAS, Campus Cyberstructure (CC*), and related efforts aim to enable access to cloud computing services by the broader science and engineering community that NSF supports,” says Manish Parashar, Director of the Office of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure at the NSF. “We see cloud resources as a vehicle to allow the community to leverage innovative technologies and capabilities to significantly accelerate research and education.”

Other exciting new research initiatives include:

  • Supporting innovative programs in government agencies like the Division of Research, Innovation, and Ventures (DRIVe), established by the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) to foster entrepreneurial solutions to urgent public health challenges. Using GCP, a research team at Emory University’s School of Medicine built deep learning softwareto predict the onset of sepsis in hospitalized patients. Now DRIVe can help develop and implement that platform to reduce the approximately 270,000 deaths from sepsis in the United States each year.
  • Improving infrastructure through programs like Cloud Exchange and Cloud Connect that allow researchers to access GCP’s Dedicated Interconnect network for high-capacity and secure data paths.
  • Updating existing funding programs to include cloud resourcing  like the NSF’s Campus Cyberstructure (CC*) program which improves the networks and platforms that academics rely on for their data-intensive projects.
  • Expanding GCP research credits program, previously available to academic researchers in 30 countries, to include Norway and India as well. All academics from qualified regions are encouraged to apply. Learn more on our website.

Find out how Google Cloud can support your research on our website or apply now for research credits to turn your bold ideas into new discoveries.

New year, faster you: 5 Chromebook tips that can make any work day better

As 2019 gets into full swing, many of us are looking for ways to be more efficient at work. If you use a Chromebook as part of your job, you’re in luck. We’ve spent a lot of time thinking about how to make things faster, easier, and more organized for cloud workers, and they’re all built into Chrome devices. Here are five tips to help you make the most of working on your Chromebook in the new year.

1. Master keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are a great way to work efficiently, but they’re only convenient if you can remember them all. Don’t waste time searching for each command individually, or writing them down on that no longer sticky, sticky-note tacked to your desk. Instead, press “Ctrl + Alt + ?” to pull up a visual map of Chrome OS hotkeys and functions

master_keyboard_shortcuts.png

2. Attach files to Calendar invites

With G Suite, you can attach meeting docs, spreadsheets, presentations and other resources, directly to Google Calendar invites and events, for more organized and efficient meetings with colleagues.

  1. In Calendar, create or open an event
  2. In the “Add description” section, click the attach file paperclip symbol
  3. Select a file to attach and click “save”
attach_files.png

3. Manage applications and tabs

It can be challenging  clicking back and forth between multiple tabs and windows. Here’s how you can take a glance at open windows, hop between tabs, and work quickly across them all.

  • See all open windows: Swipe up or down with three fingers. If you have Australian scrolling turned on, swipe up. If you have traditional scrolling turned on, swipe down.
  • Move between pages: To go back to the page you were previously on, swipe left with two fingers. To go forward to a page you were on, swipe right with two fingers.
  • Switch between tabs: If you have multiple browser tabs open, you can swipe left and right with three fingers to switch between tabs.
  • Open link in new tab: Point to the link, then tap or click the touchpad with three fingers.
  • Close a tab: Point to the tab, then tap or click the touchpad with three fingers.

4. Turn on CAPS lock

On a Chromebook, you can toggle the CAPS lock feature on and off by “tapping alt + (search key)”. The search key is located on the left side of the keyboard, above shift. Turning caps lock on allows you to type those emphasized doc headers without having to hit and hold shift with each keystroke. It may seem like a small timesaver, but every second counts.

caps_lock.png

5. Work offline

No Wi-Fi, no problem. Remain productive offline by using G Suite or working in the Android version of your required application, which you can download from Google Play on your Chromebook.

To get started, make sure offline sync is enabled in Google Drive:

  1. While you still have a Wi-Fi connection, visit drive.google.com
  2. Click settings in the top right
  3. Check the box next to "Sync Google Docs, Sheets, Slides & Drawings files to this computer so that you can edit offline." You’re all set.

Anything you edit offline will update automatically once you’re back online.

Want to learn more? Check out additional Chromebook tips, and find out how Chromebooks can benefit businesses of all sizes.

Let the sunshine in: opening the market for more renewable energy in Asia

Since 2010, we’ve signed on to more than 30 solar and wind projects across the Americas and Europe, making us the world’s largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy. Today we’re adding a fourth continent to our clean energy portfolio: Asia.

We’ve signed a long-term agreement to purchase the output of a 10-megawatt solar array (which is part of a larger solar farm) in Tainan City, Taiwan. This deal is a result of collaboration between Google, industry stakeholders and the Taiwanese government—which recently amended Taiwan’s Electricity Act to allow non-utility companies to directly buy renewable energy and decrease their carbon footprints. We’re the first corporate power purchaser to act on this renewables-friendly change to the law.

Standing 40,000 solar panels strong, our project in Taiwan will be located 100 kilometers south of our Changhua County data center and connected to the same regional power grid. As the Taiwanese government pursues further measures to remove market barriers and reduce renewable energy costs, we’re hopeful that more companies will purchase renewable energy, driving even larger projects across Taiwan.

Google’s effort to add more renewable energy in Taiwan builds on our longstanding collaboration with governments and utilities worldwide to make clean power more accessible. As far back as 2013, we’ve worked hand-in-hand with our North Carolina electricity provider, Duke Energy, to develop a program that enables companies to source power from local solar farms. Similarly, last year we finalized an arrangement with the state of Georgia that allows corporations to buy renewable energy directly through the state’s largest electric utility.

data center tour

Gary Demasi, Senior Director of Data Center Energy and Location Strategy, gives President Tsai Ing-Wen a tour of our Taiwan data center.

For Google, the solar purchase agreement provides a long-term and fixed electricity price to support our operations in Taiwan; it will also boost the carbon-free profile of our local data center. In addition, it’s a step in the right direction for grid reliability and Taiwan’s broader energy supply mix, which the government wants to expand and make more renewable in the coming years.

Thanks to our development partners Diode Ventures, Taiyen Green Energy (臺鹽綠能),J&V Energy (雲豹能源) andNew Green Power (永鑫能源), the project will have a unique design and community impact: poles will be mounted into commercial fishing ponds (pictured below) to elevate solar panels several feet into the sky. This setup will maximize land-use efficiency (important in a densely populated region), respect local ecology (fish and solar panels can coexist peacefully), and generate local economic benefits (the fishing community will be compensated for hosting solar panels on its ponds).

taiwansolar

The Taiwanese energy developer New Green Power (永鑫能源) will deploy 40,000 solar panels for Google across commercial fishing ponds, in a way that maximizes land-use efficiency and benefits local aquaculture workers.

Our inaugural renewable energy project in Asia is an encouraging example of what’s possible when forward-thinking government officials, local stakeholders and companies work together for a brighter future. A policy landscape offering a clear path to cost-effective renewable power procurement is essential as more people and more organizations look to access carbon-free energy. We applaud Taiwan for giving the green light to green energy initiatives like ours—the first of hopefully many more in the region.

Cloud Covered: 6 things you might have missed from Google Cloud last year

What was new with Google Cloud in 2018? Well, it depends on what particular cloud technology you’re interested in. There was plenty of news on the AI and machine learning front, along with developments on a variety of enterprise cloud components. The open cloud community continued to be a thriving place to collaborate, and Google Cloud user productivity and efficiency grew, too.

These popular stories from last year illustrate some of what you can do with Google Cloud technology.

  1. Machine and deep learning made leaps. On the hardware front, special chips designed for high performance, called Cloud TPUs, are now broadly available to speed up machine learning tasks. And we partnered with NASA’s Frontier Development Lab to use ML to build simulations and algorithms to answer one big question: Is there life on other planets?
  2. Organizations are starting to extract more value from their data. Tools like BigQuery and the Ethereum digital currency dataset, which we recently made available to everyone, help businesses find insights from their data. And The New York Times is digitizing its huge photo archive, along with all its associated data, using Google Cloud storage and database technology.
  3. There’s a new way to keep your information secure. The Titan Security Key arrived in the Google Store in 2018. Use these security keys to add two-factor verification to your Google Accounts and other services. They’re designed to defend against attacks like phishing that steal user credentials.
  4. The cloud opened the door to creating all kinds of applications and projects. For game developers, the OpenMatch open source project cuts down on development time for building multiplayer games with its matchmaking framework. And a novelist is using the new Cloud Speech-to-Text API to add visuals to poetry readings.
  5. Productivity gains with cloud came in all shapes and sizes. Check out the new developer hub for G Suite, providinglots of pro tips for developers to create, manage, and track their projects, including this tip on automatically adding a schedule from Google Sheets into Calendar.
  6. You can build on Google Cloud Platform (GCP) even more easily. A new type of containers called gVisor arrived to give developersmore options when building applications. Plus, we brought the infrastructure that powers Google Search to developers with Cloud Source Repositories for easier code search. And the Cloud Services Platform arrived in 2018—this integrated family of cloud services lets you build an end-to-end cloud while removing manual tasks from the daily workload.  

For even more of what was popular last year in Google Cloud, take a look at the top Google Cloud Platform stories of 2018. And if one of your goals this year is to start using cloud more, mark your calendar to attend Google Cloud Next ’19.

Why we’re putting 1.6 million solar panels in Tennessee and Alabama

Hundreds of engineers, electricians and construction workers are building two new, energy-efficient Google data center campuses in the Southeastern U.S.—one in Tennessee and another in northern Alabama. And we’re not stopping there—we’re also putting more carbon-free energy on the electric grid that will power our servers in the region. In the coming years, Google will purchase the output of several new solar farms as part of a deal with the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), totaling 413 megawatts of power from 1.6 million solar panels—that’s equivalent to the combined size of 65,000 home rooftop solar systems.

construction

An aerial view of our Tennessee data center under construction (photo credit: Aerial Innovations).

Located in Hollywood, Alabama and Yum Yum, Tennessee, the two biggest solar farms will be able to produce around 150 megawatts each. These solar sites will be among the largest renewable energy projects in the Tennessee Valley region, and the largest solar farms ever to be built for Google. Thanks to the abundant solar power generated by these new farms, electricity consumed by our data centers in Tennessee and Alabama will be matched with 100 percent renewable energy from day one, helping us match our annual electricity consumption as we grow.

Deploying solar farms does more than provide a cost-effective way to procure clean power. It will also create economic benefits for Tennessee and northern Alabama. TVA’s developer partners—NextEra Energy Resources and Invenergy—will hire hundreds of workers in the region, make long-term lease payments to property owners, and generate millions of dollars in economic activity and tax revenue for the broader community. To date, Google's more than 30 long-term contract commitments to purchase renewable energy have resulted in nearly $5 billion in investment worldwide.

Last year, we shared our long-term objective to source carbon-free electricity around the clock for each of our data centers. These new solar projects will bring us substantially closer to that goal in the Southeastern U.S. In the carbon heat map below, you can see how well our operations in the region will be matched with carbon-free energy on an hour-by-hour basis, compared to a scenario without the solar projects. The green ribbon that appears in the heat map illustrates how the solar farms will make the majority of our daytime electricity use carbon-free.

carbon heat map solar

Thanks to the deployment of 1.6 million solar panels, approximately 72 percent of our data center electricity use in Alabama and Tennessee will be matched on an hourly basis with carbon-free sources—compared to a status-quo regional grid mix that is 48 percent carbon free. (This projection is based on 2017 TVA generation, power demand of a typical Google data center, and local solar resources.)

There’s still more to do to make our data centers fully carbon free around the world, and we have a number of ideas on how to get there. We’re one step closer thanks to the solar stardom of Hollywood, Alabama and the carbon-free flavors of Yum Yum, Tennessee.

Four things you might have missed from Chrome Enterprise in 2018

It’s been a busy year for Chrome Enterprise—we welcomed new hardware for enterprises, helped boost workplace productivity, and celebrated ten years of Chrome. Here’s a look at four updates you might have missed from Chrome Enterprise in 2018.

1. We helped businesses prepare for the era of cloud workers

The availability of cloud-based apps and technology has fundamentally changed the way we work, and as a result, many businesses are rethinking the devices and tools they provide their workforce. This year we commissioned a study with Forrester that takes a closer look at the new era of cloud workers. We hosted a half-day virtual event, Cloud Worker Live, to share insights and practical advice, and we’ve made all the sessions available to watch online.

And we also want to help businesses identify the cloud workers in their organization to better support them with the right cloud-based tools. A new Forrester report we commissioned provides key recommendations for workforce segmentation, and we offered some insights on how we do it ourselves here at Google.

2. We launched our Grab and Go program to help businesses stay productive

When an employee’s device isn’t working, it can have more consequences than you think—from the hours employees devote to troubleshooting devices instead of completing projects, to the time IT teams spend on repair and replacement. To address this problem for both workers and businesses, we introduced our Grab and Go program to enterprises in July. Since then, we’ve expanded the program with new partners, and Waymo shared with us how Grab and Go has helped them support their shift workers and dispatchers. You can learn more about Grab and Go on our website.

3. We helped help admins stay up-to-date with Chrome releases

If looking after Chrome browser and devices is part of your job, you probably know that Chrome releases a full OS update about every 6 weeks. Our new Admin Insider series gives you a quick snapshot of the most important changes so you can take action. And if you need even more info, you can now sign up to receive new release details as they become available.

4. We heard from customers all over the world

This year we took a closer look at more than a dozen enterprises that have adopted Chrome Enterprise in every corner of the world. For example, in India and Africa, Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital is making clinical care easier for doctors and their patients by deploying more than a thousand Chrome devices across its 70 facilities. In France, Veolia, a global water, waste, and energy management company, is rolling out Chrome devices to all of its nearly 170,000 employees to increase productivity and collaboration across its offices on 5 different continents. And in Australia, Service NSW is providing better government services through Chrome-powered kiosks.

There’s a lot more to come in 2019. In the meantime, you can learn more about Chrome Enterprise on our website.